Monday, June 8, 2015

astro picture for the day/ Sophie and Silas from the Da Vinci Code


Image Credit & Copyright: Optical (RGB+Ha): Aldo Mottino & Ezequiel Bellocchio (Argentina); Infrared: ESO/J. Emerson/VISTA.

And what's the connection between mathematics and technology?  Science - experiment and real world data! Dah!

- Sophie confronts Silas. She asks Silas if he murdered who she thinks is her Grandfather. Silas responds with "I am a messenger from god." I find people think in these kinds of ways all the time. It's like they don't want to get close to the truth; they don't want some inner them being exposed.

Even a 400 A.D. Bishop of Constantinople Gregorius of Nyssa noticed this type of thinking and complained,

"People swarm everywhere, talking of incomprehensible matters, in hovels, streets and square, marketplaces, and crossroads. When I ask how many oboloi I have to pay, they answer with hairsplitting arguments about the born and the unborn. If I inquire the price of bread, I am told that the father is greater than the son. I call a servant to tell me whether my bath is ready; he rejoins that the son was created out of nothing."

There an earlier scene of character Sophie with Robert Langdon. They're in a truck and talking about little things. She asks Mr Langdon, "are you a god-fearing man professor." Langdon replies, "I was raised a catholic." For which she correctly replies, "that's not really an answer."




- Some extra about Silas. Silas is a Herodian who had at least one successful fight against the Romans.  This victory led the Jews to think they could fight againgst the Romans.  The Romans wiped out the Essenes on Masada,


Josephus was with the Romans trying to convince the Essenes to just surrender.  They commited mass suicide instead.

- I made a post about what I like to call "the dark side of the force" before.  Well, I've made several.  I posted movie scene from "The Day the Earth Stood Still", and I've wrote some stuff(that very well written) linking these irrationalists techniques to gangs and violence, and then gangs to cults, and cults to religion.   I almost certainly should try a new writeup combining all these thought . . . someday!


http://www.nature.com/articles/nmat2756.epdf?shared_access_token=7QL4U8_DAs_uAswDVHef29RgN0jAjWel9jnR3ZoTv0PmkmfbnDnPWahfUl3vKs6MNEyqXsFnwbtgI3qv7uFIoW49KhY8Vlxya4aZaO4PotuHb5M8vf5O-4Zcj7cGtYDv9iNFW5ZlpCs34SBjOEJmPn1VNVb0Zbte1K7mNCaS70w3g6cRMYa0vIq7YepwvN0EknPzId_4dgJZP4p0bNeHTg%3D%3D inventor of the maser/laser dies at 99 years old.  There's some interesting connections in the discovery of the laser. Well, Einstein also, perhaps independently, thought of the laser as well.

- Queensryche's innuendo,


innuendo definition - an allusive or oblique remark or hint, typically a suggestive or disparaging one.

13 comments:

  1. Some more examples I've found,

    In Return of the Jedi, C3PO, and R2D2 first go up to Jabba's palace; they first knock on the door; and, before anyone from Jabba's could answer, C3PO says quickly, "there doesn't seem to be anyone here; let's go back and tell master Luke", at which point some robot video camera pops out of the hugh doorway to answer the knock. C3PO statement is about fear(perhaps, in this case justified) and an attempt to avoid, to be vague. I seem to get a lot of movie examples; but, I just got a real life example!

    I e-mailed Foresight institute, at least former President Christine Peterson. She has well a four year degree in chemistry from M.I.T. and she's been involved in nanotech for a long time. I pointed out that a Chris Phoenix couldn't seem to handle or have no response to my e-mailing him Carl Sagan's Cosmos episode 7. For which she replied, to avoid the question much as C3PO above, with the following,

    "
    Christine Peterson

    May 17

    to me

    Hi David -- I am overwhelmed with other work, so unfortunately I can't help with this.


    Thanks for thinking of me!"

    ReplyDelete
  2. Some further generalisations I'm working on,

    "In science, one establishes boundaries by using the least accurate results. In determining personality, shouldn’t we use the scientific personality to determine other’s personality?
    Jacob Bronowski, throughout his works, shows the ethics and spirituality of science. He notes for instance the big three properties that one should be in order to do science – Skepticism, courage to try new ideas out, and honesty when skepticsm shows a result is wrong.

    Innuendoes come into science when some scientists says, “wouldn’t it be great if everyone believed in this pseudo-science, and not this other way?” “Then, . . . here comes the innuendo(such and such would be the case). Today, scientists everywhere refuse to question, because that would be nice, and somehow, questioning of people should not be allowed.
    Jacob Bronowski’s argument against the Naturalistic philosophy is many, but one, he quotes a Waddington. He says, we should find out who we are and stick with it. And who are we? We are the scientifically dependent species. Jacob Bronowski’s point is the three properties noted above.
    The personal values that comes from the scientific personality are respect, sensitivity, and tolerance . . . those who don’t believe in scientific spirit “pretend, forge, bribe
    - Other things I note are axiomatics(assumptions), and over/under generalisations. I find people everywhere reasoning from unfounded assumptions, and over/under generalizing because of unquestioned beliefs.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. The reply above explores connections between the innuendoes in the main post text, and Jacob Bronowski "Scientific Ethics."

      Delete
  3. I remember e-mailing a Jim Lewis, of the Foresight Institute; I asked him if we have any scientific humanist nanotechnologists, He replied,

    "I cannot speak for them." This is a probably a paraphrase; it's been a long time since this small, quick exchange. But, it is accurate.

    ReplyDelete
  4. http://reliawire.com/culture-moderates-deception/?utm_content=buffer4f9c5&utm_medium=social&utm_source=twitter.com&utm_campaign=buffer

    Culture Moderates Self-presentation When Deceiving Others

    ReplyDelete
  5. I"m copying/pasting this article because I was only able to view it because my mother apparently has an account with the magazine and was logged in.

    "aron Elkins, an assistant professor in the Fowler College of Business Administration at San Diego State University, has designed an Automated Virtual Agent for Truth Assessments in Real Time, or AVATAR. The machine is designed to detect whether a person is lying. Aaron Elkins (left) demonstrates AVATAR to Alan D. Bersin, former acting commissioner of U.S. Customs and Border Protection. To Bersin’s right is Luc Portelance, former president of the Canadian Border Services Agency. (Photo courtesy of Elkins/San Diego State University)


    A professor in California has developed a screener for airport or border control checkpoints to determine whether a traveler is lying, smuggling contraband or otherwise up to no good.

    And unlike the Transportation Security Administration, this robotic agent wouldn’t even have to touch you.

    Aaron Elkins, an assistant professor in the Fowler College of Business Administration at San Diego State University, has designed an Automated Virtual Agent for Truth Assessments in Real Time, or AVATAR.

    Using technology that scans and sifts a range of data, from facial movements to eye movement to pupil dilation to curling toes, the machine interrogates travelers to figure out if a person is lying or trying to enter the country with ulterior motives. Sensors pick up a variety of information the person’s body, much of it unconscious that provide telltale evidence of whether a person is lying.

    All a visitor has to do is step up to the kiosk and the machine — after scanning a passport or other ID and offering a quick introduction – swiftly begins grilling the person with questions.

    more

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  6. part two of Washington Post article on Aaron Elkin's "A.V.A.T.A.R."

    "“Hello, I am AVATAR,” it says. “What do you intend to do after speaking with me today? Have you ever used any other names? In what year were you born? Did you pack your own bag today? Please describe the contents of your bag. What was the name of your high school? Who was the principal at your high school. I would like you to describe everything you did today. . .”

    And so on. And what a person might try to conceal – even with coaching – the body gives away in subtle clues that the technology detects.

    “You don’t get, ‘Oh your nose grew – you’re lying now,’” Elkins said. Yet, in other ways, the body is positively screaming when a person lies.

    So far the device has only been deployed at border crossings in Romania and Mexico. and solely to collect data for research.

    [In dogs’ play, researchers see honesty and deceit, perhaps something like morality]

    Lying is part of being human, as National Geographic said in a cover story about the origins of human deceit and its adaptations. The article, which appears in its June edition, notes that researchers showed two decades ago that people lie, on average, once or twice a day – usually white lies meant to protect another person’s feelings or conceal one’s inadequacies. Lying also is essential when it comes to manipulating other people without using physical force."

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  7. part three,

    "“The truth comes naturally,” psychologist Bruno Verschuere is quoted saying, “but lying takes effort and a sharp, flexible mind.”

    But machines, especially those with artificial intelligence, may be just as sharp and flexible at figuring you out. Part of the reason is that lying takes a lot of work, and your body is the first to show it.

    “It’s a lot harder to lie because you’re using strategies,” Elkins said. “You’re managing your story, you’re managing your impression, you’re evaluating the perception of yourself in a kind of meta way, and then you’re changing your story if you think it’s successful or people think you’re suspicious.”"

    ReplyDelete
  8. part four(i'm making the parts based on the article's dividing the article based on commercials),

    "AVATAR is a kiosk that resembles those used for airport check-ins or grocery store self-checkouts. (Photo courtesy of Elkins San Diego State University)
    AVATAR sifts an impressive variety of data:

    Voice – AVATAR listens carefully to speech, looking for linguistic shifts and changes in tone to determine whether a person’s being truthful. People who are being evasive, for example, tend to switch pronouns – “I” becomes “we” – as they hedge. The machine also looks for “disfluencies,” Elkins said – those breaks and placeholders in speech that suggest a person is buying time while thinking of the right thing to say. The machine also compares a person’s tone with other physical data to tell whether a person really means what he’s saying. When a person says, “Today was the best day of my life,” the machine has ways of determining whether the speaker is being earnest or ironic.
    Eyes – The poets were right: the eyes truly are windows on the soul. If a person’s pupils are dilated, it suggests arousal: evolution has primed us to gather all the light we can for a flight or flight response. AVATAR can note that and the way the eyeballs are moving. The eyes are tireless hunters, scanning and tracking their target in ways a person isn’t generally aware of. Of particular interest is when eyes are saccading – making twitchy little excursions back and forth over an area of interest as the mind builds a mental image of an object. In research, Elkins said, scientists have studied the way that a person’s tracking can give away what’s of most interest to them if the person is trying to hide it."

    ReplyDelete
  9. part five,

    "Facial expression – Cameras – both 2D and 3D – are able to analyze a person’s facial expression to see whether the muscles are moving in a way that matches what a person is trying to convey. When a person is genuinely smiling, he or she is using muscles at the corners of the eyes and the mouth, known as a Duchenne smile after the scientist who discovered it. .Just pulling up the corners of the mouth in a smile without any change to the eyes – which has been referred to as the “Botox” smile – suggests phoniness.
    Posture – AVATAR’s cameras can figure out whether a person is holding his head rigidly – a possible sign that he’s making stuff up. It can also tell if you’re curling your toes – another suggestion that you’re uptight about something.
    All of this analyzing is possible without touching the person. And yet it’s still sort of creepy in other ways, as Elkins acknowledged.

    “I do think any of these technologies have the potential for unintended consequences,” Elkins said."

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  10. The June 2017 article about lieing,

    Why We Lie: The Science Behind Our Deceptive Ways

    http://www.nationalgeographic.com/magazine/2017/06/lying-hoax-false-fibs-science/

    ReplyDelete
  11. "People’s language changes when they lie depending on their cultural background, psychologists have discovered. The researchers asked participants of Black African, South Asian, White European and White British ethnicity to complete a Catch-the-Liar task in which they provided genuine and false statements.

    They found the statements of Western liars tend to include fewer first-person “I” pronouns than the statements of truth-tellers. This is a common finding and believed to be due to the liar trying to distance themselves from the lie.

    Professor Paul Taylor of Lancaster University in the UK said:

    “Science has long known that people’s use of language changes when they lie. Our research shows that prevalent beliefs about what those changes look like are not true for all cultures.”

    However, the researchers did not find the difference when examining the lies of Black African and South Asian participants. Instead, these participants increased their use of first person pronoun and decreased their third person “he/she” pronouns—they sought to distance their social group rather than them self from the lie.

    LINGUISTIC CUES TO DECEPTION

    There were also differences in the kinds of contextual details reported. The White European and White British participants followed the known trend of decreasing the perceptual information they provided in their lie.

    In contrast, the Black African and South Asian participants increased the perceptual information they gave when lying, to compensate for providing less social details.

    “The results demonstrate that linguistic cues to deception do not appear consistently across all cultures. The differences are dictated by known cultural differences in cognition and social norms,”

    said Taylor. This has implications for everything from forensic risk assessments, discrimination proceedings and the evaluation of asylum seekers:

    “In the absence of culture-specific training, an individual’s judgements about veracity is most likely drawn from either experience or an evidenced-based understanding based on studies of Western liars. In these scenarios, erroneous judgements of veracity may impact on justice

    In today’s world, where law enforcement and justice are asked to respond to a greater cultural diversity of suspect it will be important to use findings such as those presented here to adapt existing practices and policies so that they afford justice for all communities within the population.”"

    ReplyDelete
  12. https://www.cheatsheet.com/health-fitness/signs-someone-in-your-family-is-a-psychopath-and-what-to-do-about-it.html/?ref=YF&yptr=yahoo

    psychopaths and lieing

    ReplyDelete