Friday, February 5, 2016

astro pictures for the day/ Agnostic and Irreligion generalisation





Some thought for the day . . .

I've pointed out in my post about the film "The Da Vinci Code", observational proofs of how people play vagueness games(Monday, June 8, 2015 post of this blog); ways of avoiding facts starring them right in the face.  It's almost like when someone gets caught red handed, they start lying left and right.  Some more evidences, besides the abundance of poetry for thousands of years of humanities existence, are the religious concepts of agnostics and irreligion.  Irreligion is a new one - actually about five or so years ago.  But, between agnostic ideas and this new(primarily European) irreligion concept, suggests a mentality of avoiding an issue they are uncomfortable dealing with. 

It's often said that 'when we're busy checking exeryone at the terminals for guns and such, that terrorists have accomplished their objectives".  To make a free society live in fear.  And so they have.  But, my point here is that what I like to call the dark side of the force(all these vagueness games), or religion has accomplished it's goal - to instill fear of questioning everything. There's that great Buddha quote,

"Believe nothing on heresay. Do not believe in traditions because they are old, or in anything on the mere authority of myself or any other teacher."

But, this is not what religions, in particular supernatural religions, want, and religious concepts like Agnostics/Irreligion is proof of the bullies that religions are.

- I can go even further.



Thursday, January 28, 2016

Astro video for the day - super hi-res video of the Earth



10199 Chariklo <-- wiki link. The recent Pluto excitement makes me think about what else can be just as exciting. There's some obvious Neptunion worlds like Sedna, and now quite probably some large rocky world even further out than Sedna - 5 Questions and Answers about the Proposed Ninth Planet . One world that is perhaps getting little attention now with Sedna and whatever they end up calling Planet9(I keep hoping this is the Nemesis world, but there's reason to think maybe not. Planet9 is in the Kuiper belt, and considerably smaller than what was proposed to disturb the Oort comet cloud comets much further out in the solar system) is Chariklo.  As the wiki explains, this is the largest of the Centaurs(asteroids and comets that have accumulated in a stable lagrangian point out between Saturn and Uranus).  And, it turns out to have a system of rings around it! As asteroid/comet with rings!

Monday, January 25, 2016

Marvin Minsky has passed away


Here's a link to a video and short article --> Marvin Minsky Reflects on a Life in AI

Marvin Minsky did a lot.  He innovated a confocal microscope, or improved it. His wiki shows that he served in the navy for a time as well. As I like to point out, Arthur C. Clarke mentions him in his 2001 movie. Well, I guess Marvin counciled Arthur in the book. I'm not sure what. Marvin Minsky saw that Eric Drexlers(and Richard Feynman's) nanotechnology can go a long way to making genuine A.I., and of course supported Eric Drexler's efforts more so than many throughout the years.



Thursday, January 21, 2016

latest Gospel of Truth

Jacob Bronowski, in his "Science and Human Values" points out that poetry and mathematics share a common feature - analogy. Analogy in poetry is what's called metaphor/simile.  Analogy in mathematics is what's called abstraction. Abstraction is a analogous form between two two different things. The easy quick example is two oranges and a couple of apples share the property of number two. Jacob Bronowski finds ways to show the unity of thought, of human creativity. A connection he doesn't make is that mythology is poetry.
 
I make this connection, and find that a Sir James Frazer, back in the 1800s pretty much makes this connection as well.  By exploring mythology as magic, Sir James Frazer finds a way of pushing further back the thought of mankind. 
 
He identifies two main types of magic - homoeopathic and contagious magic. Homoeopathic is about analogies. Contagious magic is about contact. Mathematicians since at least Pythagoras times understand the analogous nature of numbers.  That there's two oranges and two apples, and both of these have the same/analogous form of the number two. But, magicians would, for instance, make analogous figurines, and whatever they did to it, they thought something would happen to the real thing. If they didn't like someone, they prick it with sticks and burn it and so on. I'm still not sure why mathematics works, and magic doesn't.
 
 The Hebrews at least made an advance here and discredit the worship of 'idols.' Still, in the Bible, we have evidence that these idols were considered Gods; and hence, we know that god(s) were made up. There's a cute little story in Genesis 31 about stealing gods. For instance, there's 31:30 - "yet wherefore hast thou stolen my gods?" Jacob answers Laban that he stole them because he was afraid in the next verse. He thinks that by taking his gods, he can control Laban.  But, unknown to Jacob, his wife, Rachel, stole them!(Gen 31:32). And in Gen 31:34 - "Now Rachel had taken the images, and put them in the camel's furniture, and sat upon them."
 
The magic of contagious is where if something comes in contact, then no matter how distant two objects are, if they had been in contact, if you do something to one, that happens to the other object.
 
These magical principles lead to charms/spells and taboos. Either do these magical things for good(charms, or don't do certain things(taboos). Some taboos noted in the bible, there's Leviticus 21:5 - "They shall not make baldness upon their head, neither shall they shave off the corner of their beard, nor make any cuttings in their flesh."  There's many more examples, of course, of homeopathic taboo/magic, in the Leviticus analogy above(see Tim Callahan's "Secret Origins of the Bible, page 314)
 
The Hebrews also made an advance in banning magic! Exodus 22:18 states, "Do not allow a sorceress to live" and Deut 18:10, "There shall not be found among you any one that maketh his son or his daughter to pass through the fire, or that useth divination, or an observer of times, or an enchanter, or a witch." Once again, see Tim Callahan's "Secret Origins of the Bible", pages 314/315 for more.
 
The reason magic is being banned at the time of the Hebrews is because someone wants to take control of you. In particular, Priests and Kings want to be the conduit from which people believe. They don't want to some outside people saying something different.  For instance, Deut chapter 13(the whole chapter), and in particular 13:5, "because he hath spoken to turn you away from the LORD your God," 
 
Sir James Frazer notes that the Australian Aborigines know magic, but not Gods. So the evolution of thought must have gone from magic to Gods. Another evolution is from female to male.
 
Archaeologists have found what they call Venus figurines, such as this one,
 

They've found them all over the Mediterranean, and as far away as Siberia.  The 'Venus of Hohle Fels' goes back to 35,000 years ago.  Clearly, early religious worship centered around the female. But, religion seems to have changed certainly by the time of the Bible. The Biblical God is a male god.
 
The Bible seems to be changing from female worship to a male God. Why is not known.  But, God in the bible actually has a wife - Asherah. Biblical archaeologists have found Asherah in Akkadian(Summarian), Hittite, and Ugaritic.  See the Asherah wiki - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Asherah The Bible mentions Asherah's many times - for instance, Exodus 34:13, ""But rather, you are to tear down their altars and smash their sacred pillars and cut down their Asherim ".  See also, Deut 7:5/12:3/16:21/ , Judges 3:7/6:25-6/6:28/6:30, 1Kings14:15/ 1Kings14:23, 1Kings15:13, 1Kings16:21, 1Kings18:19, well, there's a bunch more.  Clearly, female worship is being hunted down.
 
A Ugaretic female god Shapesh got turned into a male god, Shamash. These are Sungods, and the Sungods are being turned into male gods as opposed to female goddesses.
 
More male bias in the bible is the Adam and Eve story, and Judges 9:54
 
Eve takes the fall for mankind, for taking on knowledge.  Here knowledge is denounced, and females take the fall for it.
 
In Judges 9:54, an Abimelech, asks fellow male soldiers to kill him, so "that men say not of me, a woman slew him."
 
The transitions from female worship male gods, and from magic to god-religions culminated in the Aegean collapse. Nobody knows how the Bronze age cultures collapsed. Before the end of the Aegean collapse, the major civilizations were the Hittites and Egyptians.  The Hittites lived in contemporary Turkey.  Egypt lived in, well, Egypt. There was the Lavant between them.  There was also the Babylonians in Mesopotamia.  Then, there was the city of Troy famously, and Ugarit less famously, and also the Minoans of the Crete island. There was of course people in the rest of mainland Europe; but, they've been a mystery.  They're still a mystery - even the Stonehenge builders. But, archaeologists have made a recent stunning discovery.  

 
 
Recently, archaeologists have unearthed a "Nebra Sky disk" dated to 1600B.C. It was unearthed in contemporary Germany around 1999A.D. It has the stars, sun, and moon. It also has the Pleides, two equal gold leafs on either side a boat at the bottom. The two gold leaflets at the edges may measure out degrees geometrically without numbers. The boat is rather interesting as is the pleides representation. The Pleides and the boat were often used in Egyptian mythology. Many Egyptian temples had sunboats in them, actually. In Egyptian mythology, the sunboats were to take the Pharohs or the Egyptian sungods Ra and Osirus to heaven and hell and back.



This is actually a picture of Ra in a solar barge. The Egyptians actually symbolically put boats in all their temples as sunboats for the Pharoh to be taken to heaven.

It's interesting that the sun takes center stage in Egyptian mythology and finds its way to Europe. The English Stonehenge(there's many stonehenges around Ireland as well and throughout Europe actually) is also proof that ancient peoples everywhere worshipped the Sun, and mapped out the seasons. Stonehenge maps out the sun through the twelve months of the year. Mankind whether through cultureal contact or the fact that all cultures growing up from ignorance to knowledge of the heavens would naturally mythologize and worship the sun, the moon, and the stars. But, today's cultures seem to be ignorant or often shocked that their latest religions may take from and evolve from those sungod worshipping peoples - the Egyptians and people before them.
The main cultures after the cave painters of tens of thousands of years ago were generally the Mesopotamians, the Egyptians, and then the Greeks and Romans(the Greeks and Romans are distinct; but, they also had much contact throughout their ancient times; there's Greek pathenon temples on the Italian peninsula Sicily, the boot island of the Italian peninsula). Just to speed through history and hint at things to come. The word Easter comes from Ishtar, lover of Bablonian sungod Tammuz, who was given "Sheppard" and "Lamb of God" symbolism thousands years before "Jesus Christ." Herodotus replaces Osirus in his writings as Dionysus; hence, he considers the two sungods to be the same. The name Dionysus is translated as "God of Nysa"(Herodotus, Histories, 3-97 has Herodotus mentioning Nysa, "The Ethiopians who dwell about sacred Nysa and hold the festivals in honour of Dionysus"), and city in modern Turkey(in ancient times, Bablon). Excavations of Nysa have uncovered temples of the Mithras god. This establishes links between Dionysus and Mithras. And, we've already established link between Dionysus and Osirus. Everyone knows that the Vatican Saint Peters is built on top of an old Mithras temple; can we establish links between all these ancient sungods, Osius, mithras, Dionysus, and . . . Jesus Christ? Before then, let me point out a few things.
The fact that the six days of creation of the book of Genesis follows closely the Epic of Gilgamesh and the flood story is also clearly a redo of that more ancient story is well known and well established. But, I've found that the Egyptian influence on the Torah is perhaps underrated. Actualy this part is farely well known also. It seems that the Hymn to Akhenaten is reproduced in the Psalm 104. The Hymn to Akhenaten is about sunworshipping. Well, I've found that this Hymn to Akhenaten is more integrated in the Torah(the first five books of the Old Testament) than just this little curiosity.

Some of the influences of the religion of Akhenaton are how Yahweh created the languages, the seasons, and how Yahweh begat King Soloman. See Andrew Benson's "The Origins of Christianity and the Bible" for the Hymn of Aton equivalents.

What's interesting about Akhenaton Aton creating the seasons is this is in Genesis; for instance, 1:14 And God said, Let there be lights in the firmament of

the heaven to divide the day from the night;" and let them be for

signs, and for seasons, and for days, and years: " Yes, God is being an astrologer here.
If you read "Christ in Egypt" by a Murdock(she usually likes to go by the name of Acharya S), you'll see that repeating all the evidence of that book would make this "Gospel of Truth" over five hundred pages long. This would defeat the my purpose here; to give as short as possible some of the most clear evidence of where all this mythology/god(s) stuff comes from. I'm only going to give like one or two interesting evidences from her book here. One is a Leiden Hymn to Amun.
"All Gods are three
Amun, Re, Ptah they have no equal.
His name is hidden as Amun,
He is Re in the face,
and his body is Ptah."
This Hymn is the theology of the trinity thousands of years before Christianity.
Josephus(who we'll see more of later) mentions that the twelve tribes of Israel are just the twelve constellations of the zodiac. Josephus is refereing to Genesis 49. Reference is Josephus "Antiquities of the Jews" book 3 chapter 7 section 7(practically the very last paragraph of chapter 7 as well).
-Rueben = aquarius because of "the beginning of my strength . . . unstable as water."

-Simen and Levi = Gemini because of the twins of Gemini

-Judah = Leo beause of the "lions welp"

-Zebulun = libra because of "who shall be far an haven of ships; or the ship sign, ark"

-Issachar = Taurus because of "strong ass, workhorse"

-Dan = Scorpio because it is between sagitarrious and capricornious

-Gad = Pisces because Gad is the reversal of dag, a fish god

-Asher = Virgo because of "rich food or fat bread"

-Naphtali = Capricornus because he's a "hind let loose, the goat

-Joseph = Safittarious because he was fiercely attacked by archers

-Benjamoin = Aries becuase "the ravenous wolf who divides the spoils"
I've shown that the Hebrews clearly took from surrounding peoples as all cultures did back then. One major thing the Hebrews took from the surrounding cultures was the alphabetical style of language started from the Phoenicians(there's some indications the Phoenicians might have originaly come from Minoa Crete). The Phoenicians might have been the sea peoples. In archaeology of this time period, this is still a bit of a mystery. At the time, there was Minoa Crete and the city of Troy for instance. After the sea peoples, these cultures were no more. The european cultures went into a dark ages and so did just about everyone else except the Egyptians. They were the only culture to survive these sea peoples. The Hittites in contemporary Turkey whom the Egyptians were in constant competition with were wiped out. This is all like 1200 B.C. Out of the social vacuum created by the sea peoples came the Greeks and the Hebrews. Both these cultures picked up on the new alphabetical style language created according to all ancient sources from the Phoenicians. But for the most part, these two cultures evolved in radically different ways. The Greeks created "Euclid's Elements"; the Hebrews created the Torah and associated writings. This doesn't mean the Greeks were totally rational as we'll see.
Archaeologists discovered a Merneptah Stele around 1896. It is the first historical mention of Israelites. So, we know they had to be around before then. But there, we run into problems. In fact, the archaeological problems become biblical problems because the Judahites writing in 600B.C. timeframe gave clues of a great exodus from Egypt; and that according to them was where Israelites came from. The archaeology presents problems for the Judahite account because back then, greater than 1200 B.C, the Egyptians were at the height of their powers. This was the time the Egyptians built Karnak and Abu Simbel. Archaeologists find that during this great building time, they had built great fortress walls indicating the boundaries of their country. There, they had guards stationed, patrolling up and down these barriers. They've found tablets recording everything and everybody that went in and out of these gates. And well, there's no mention of a great exodus, a hundred thousand slaves of anybody Jew or otherwise happening sometime before 1200B.C. There was the Hyksos around 1500 when some Canaanites actually conquered Egypt for a period. The Egyptians eventually drove them out and into the Levant/Canaan/Israel. One could argue that this was what the Judahites of ~600B.C. meant. But, I'll leave it at that.

The Israelites mentioned by the Merneptah Stele grew into a rather sophisticated and rich nation. Well, let's understand that there was a fertile lower ground northern land where the Israel state was, and a higher land southern land where Judahites lived. There was certainly some connection between the two, as there probably was between the Canaanites and the Israelites. But, there was distinctions to be made. There's great marble column ruins build by the Omrides(whom the later Judahites demonized in their writings). Point is the northern Israelites were rich and sophisticated enough to create great cities that can be seen today. The southern highlands were dry and barelly habitable. Back in these ancient times, slave labor was like gold and oil is today. Nation-States fight over them. Back then, Nation-States went to war to take the skilled slave labor of other countries to help build their great temples. This is essentially what happened to the northern Israelites. These were moderate willing to trade with one another surrounding cultures and even take in each other gods. The Assyrians conquered and absorbed the northern state of Israel around 740B.C. To stress that the Israelites and the Judahites were a bit more distinct than most would think, there's 2kings14:9, the Israelite king calls the Judahite king a thistle who goes to Lebanon for help because they can't take care of themselves. Here we also see that the Israelites were generaly strong and rich, while the Judahites were weak and poor. When the Assyrians came to conquer the Israelites for their skilled labor, they didn't lift a finger to conquer the southern highlands. They didn't have any slave labor worth picking up.
 
The biblical literature was clearly written by the Judahites. In Genesis 49:8-10, it is said that Judah is to be the center of the world really; it says the skeptre shall never depart Judah. Why would anywhere in the universe be the center of the universe? The fact that the Bible essentially makes Judah of all places the center of the universe is a dead giveaway that the Torah and associated writings were written in Judah around the time of King Josiah around 640 to 600 B.C. In fact In 2Kings 22:8-23:24, High Priest Hilkiah miraculously finds the torah in his back room(kind of convenient, ha!?). Lets get back to the whole astrotheology theme. What astrotheology can be found in the Old Testament?
 
We've already indicated some above from Josephus about the twelve tribes of Israel being the twelve constellations. There's quite a lot. I'm going to only highlight(kind of the purpose of this gospel of truth actually!). In Dueteronomy 4:19, we have "the sun, the moon, and the stars and all the hosts of heaven." This is much quoted; but, reading around it, we find King Josiah actually telling the Jews to stop worshipping the sun and stars(and Asherahs; which turns out to be God's wife; god has a wife; but King Josiah and those making up the Old testament only want a male god; so they're going around this time destroying all the Asherahs). Going back in time, we have Amos one of the very earliest Israelite prophets/writers. In Amos 5:8 Seek him that maketh the seven stars and Orion, and turneth the shadow of death into the morning, and maketh the day dark with night: that calleth for the waters of the sea, and poureth them out upon the face of the earth: The LORD is his name" Here we see that the God(s) are just the sun, the moon, the stars, and the constellations! Oh yes, the Pleides shows up again in Hebrew mythology just like in Egyptian and the Nebra sky disk! In fact, in Genesis 1:14, we have it that the stars are created for astrological purposes(also see Psalm 104:19). Astrology is astronomy for the purpose of healing the sick; it's also often taken in by the Kings and Priests to tax the population and 'rule by divine rite.' Here we're beginning to see that the Old Testament is a astrology text. The constellations and the Pleides turn out to be gods again in Job 9:9. Also, in Job 38:31-33 we see God as controlling the constellations. Why would god control some artificial pattern(the constellations)? That's right, it's humans making up gods and making them for astrological purposes to rule by divine right. Isaiah 47:13 explicitly mentions astrology, 47:13 Thou art wearied in the multitude of thy counsels. Let now the astrologers, the stargazers, the monthly prognosticators, stand up, and save thee from these things that shall come upon thee. There's more that can be said for astrology in the bible, but I think I've made my point!
 
More on Orion. In Genesis chapter 6, right before the flood story is mention of Giants. A literal translation of Giants is Nephilim. Nephilim in Arabic is Orion! The Giants that come down, impregnate humans to make them live longer are just the constellations!
 
The Judahites took a lot more from the surrounding cultures than just astrology(hence proof the astrotheological nature and origin of any cultures gods). For instance, there's the famous ten commandments Deut chapter 5 for instance. These have always been known as analogous to Code of Hammerabi from the Babylonians and the Egyptian book of the dead chapter 125. What I'd like to note about the ten commandments is that they say things like never take the lords name in vain, and don't stop worshipping me. Talk about a Jealous god. This is the language of every dictator and gangster in history! In fact, I'd go so far as to equate religion, with cults, and cults with gangsters. Nowhere in the bible old or new testament will you find, "question everything including what I say." It's always, believe in everything I say or else I'll kill you and your mother. Faith is a convenient tool for gangsters and dictators/kings. In fact, in 1Samuel chapter 8:10-22, Samuel offers democracy, but the people and ultimately God shouts him down.
 
One could have lots more fun with scripture about the nature of gods back then. In Genesis 31:30 is one of my favorites. The Patriarches are stealing the gods and hiding them from one another, "yet wherefore hast thou stolen my gods?" In Exodus, we find that mana from heaven is just hallucinogenic mushrooms, "Exodus 16:14 . . . it came by night after dew had settled in the soil . . . and a little round thing appeared". God hardens the heart of the Egyptian Pharoh so he can make a fool of him; he hardens lots of hearts so that some Jews can run them through. "God hardens hearts Exodus 4:2-1, 7:4-5, Deut 2:30; this one, God hardens some tribeman's heart so that Moses has to strike him down. He does it again at Joshua 11:20. The exodus passages has God hardening the heart of the Egyptian Pharoh."
 
I've had plenty of fun blasting the Hebrew mythologizing for now. I'd like to stress Deut chapter 4 again. Here we have King Josiah ordering his fellow jews from patterning their gods after the stars. Hence, the Jews were trying to learn the universe. Point is that the anti-science Jewish religion is due to some king with a literary weapon(literacy and the new Phoenician alphabetical language) making a religion to rule by divine right. It's not all the Jews. The word all is the problem. Much of the human problems has been people going to war because some subset of a given culture stirs up trouble. Then, the other culture just decides all of the other culture must be destroyed. Part of Humanities problem is refusing to question their own beliefs; this is part of why I right this "Gospel of Truth". The other problem is gross generalisations poor questioning of assumptions and drawing idealisations to far. I've seen some modern Israelites(really jews; the Israel state and people were taken in by the Assyrians; modern day Iraqis and Iranians!) who understand this religious problem of "we're the chosen ones; all else get to go to hell". But, they go back and forth, so I also don't mean to let modern Jews off the hook either. The fact that the Judahites made a 'chosen ones' religion(the old testament) is what led to further Jewish problems of being Exhiled, and then the Messianic frenzy that led to the Romans destroying the Jews tempel(really herodian) around 66 and 125 A.D. But this is all getting ahead of the story. Mankinds struggle between rational mathematical science and poetic mythology continued with the greeks.
 
The Greeks were coming out of their dark ages around the time the Jews were being exiled to Babylon again. Thales, Pythagoras first went to Egypt and Babylon to learn all the knowledge they could. They took everything, the mathematics and the mythology. At least they took the mathematics. But, they also took the mythology. The Greeks like the Hebrews grew up on the Phoenician alphabetical style language. They used the same symbols they used for their natural language for their representation of numbers. They'd then use the numbers for their natural language in their mixing of mathematics and Egyptian/Babylonian mythology. This is called gematria and later with the mixing of Greek or Hellenistic religion with Jewish old testament 'midrashing.' Midrashing is a kind of linguistic analogy. The point is that the Plato gematria would mix with the midrashing of the old testament to make the New testament. For instance, the logos, or the word of God that Jesus Christ is called in the Gospel of John goes back to Plato.
 
Actually, I have two remarkable quotes in relation to kings ruling by divine right and where the Pythagoreans got their religion from. "Diodorus of Sicily says the Pythagoreans got their religious ideas from the Egyptians(book one, 98).

Diodorus of Sicily is interesting here because he’s b.c. time and notes that hell is made up to keep people inline(book 1.2.2 -”For if it be true that the myths which are related about Hades, in spite of the fact that their subject-matter is fictitious, contribute greatly to fostering piety and justice among men,”)."
Getting back to Plato. The middle 1900s were a great time for biblical archaeology. They found the dead sea scrolls(1946) and the Nag Hammadi library(1945). The Nag Hammadi library is a collection of Gnostic gospels and epistles. The suggetion is that after Emperor Constantine made Christianity the official religion of the Roman empire, they went on a book burning crusade. Some Gnostics apparently got smart and stuck their scrolls in jars and ditched them in the Egyptian sands. Amongs the catch was found . . . Plato's Republic! What in the world was Plato's Republic doing amongst Gnostic christian scrolls? Midrashing. They were midrashing the old testament to fit Platonic philsophy - the dominant philosophy in various forms since Hellenistic times(Alexander the Great spreading Greek culture is called "Hellenism"). We're getting ahead of the story here and there; well, lets get to some evidences for Platonism and Plato's Republic in the New Testament.
"Plato’s hell is Tartarus(Plato, Phaedo 113e). Curiously, the writer of 2Peter says tartarus at 2:4.

More correlations between Plato and the New Testament are . . .

-“keeping the soul unspotted”(Plato Republic Book 10, 621B-C also found in

Epistle of James 1:27

-”believe and you will be saved”(Plato Republic, book 10, 621B-C also found in Luke 8:12)

-”Lake of fire”(Plato, Phaedo, 113A also found in Revelation 20:10)

-”all things work together for the best”(Plato Republic Book 10, 613A and Romans 8:28


I think having that many can’t be an accident; but, one last Plato/New testament tidbit is most shocking of all! "the just man will have to endure the lash, the rack, chains, the branding-iron in his eyes, and finally, after every extremity of suffering, he will be crucified" (Plato Republic II. 361D-362A)
I'd like to stress Plato's "believe and you will be saved" a bit more. In 1931, Kurt Godel became one of the great logicians(deductive logic) by publishing his incompleteness/inconsistency proofs. In Euclid's "Elements", the deductive process is started by means of assuming certain self-evident statements. Euclid has ten. Every ruler from Hammerabi to King Josiah has put up a list of fundamental rules to live by; in the old testament, these are the ten commandments. I've already covered this a bit. My point is that Kurt Godel proves that a finite set of axioms cannot prove an infinity of truths. Of if they can, they must be inconsistent. Euclid's axioms are consistent; the ten commandments and most supernatural religious commandments are made to be inconsistent - such as "believe and you will be saved." Well, this statement gets generalised to "believe and you will believe" through the ages. Another vague twisty statement to shut up further questioning and thought is Exodus 3:14 where Moses asks God for his name, and God says "I am that I am." God is a vague word. It is an inconsistent statement that can prove everything without explaining anything. God is the algebraic X standing for "I dont know", and "don't bother me with questions I can't answer" , and "I don't want to know." There's some more curious Plato Republic quotes that relates to mythology versus mathematical science.
A Socrates passage through Plato is Republic, Book 2, 380A-B. "Socrates through Plato apparently argued that the god passages in Homer sound suspiciously made up!(Plato Republic, Book 2, 377D-E, 378A.) Socrates then further argued that to make the passages legit, one should allegorize." What we have here is questions one whether to historicise or allegorize the mythological ideas of religion. Their fighting on the reality of the poetry/mythology process. Both mythology and mathematics are analogies; one is consistent and constructive, the other is not. The Greeks from Socrates to Plato are getting confused on this issue! I've found a curious reference to Eratosthenes writing some gospel out of the zodiacal constellations. Eratosthenes was writing around 200B.C. He's more famous for having the logical insight to calculate the circumference of the earth using vertical sticks. In Thomas Heath's "History of Greek Mathematics:Vol 2" about Eratosthenes, Mr Heath notes in passing that Eratosthenes wrote some story about the twelve constellations of the zodiac. I've tried to look around. All I can find is commentary that others have seen this. They further note that Eratosthenes argued that one should not confuse the such myth making for real science. That these mythological stories should be used only for entertainment purposes. Apparently, the vast majority turned a deaf ear.
Herodotus reveals that the Egyptians had personified the twelve constellations long before them, Herodotus 2:43(histories) says the Egyptians personified the twelve constellations, “to portion out its course into twelve parts. They obtained this knowledge from the stars. Herodotus further states that the Egyptians personified the twelve constellations. A D.M. Murdock, who otherwise goes by the name of Acharya S, shows that the whole mythology of Jesus Christ goes back thousands of years before the supposed life of Jesus Christ in her "Christ in Egypt." I cannot repeat every shred of evidence she gathers in there. She digs out many books of the dead, and many sarcoficase papyra. The point is that religion back then is astrotheology and so is Christianity. The twelve followers correspond to the twelve constellations of the zodiac, the virgin birth and everything else is all Egyptian. But, there is much more intersting things to say about Jesus Christ and the Christian religion of course!
Alexander the Great conquered the Mediterraenean and spread Greek culture. There's ancient Greek coins of his time showing him with rams horns. Why would he have rams horns? This part is pretty hard to believe. Scholars will tell you that Hipparchus around 100A.D was the first to learn of the precession of the equinoxes. But, the mythology of the period suggests that maybe the Babylonians at least knew of them far earlier. The astrologers know the precession of the equinoxes well. They know of how the constellation of the equinoxes changes over 2000+ years. It has gone from Taurus the bull, the Aries the Ram, to Pisces the fish. We've seen many times now mention of the constellation of the bull, not much of the ram or the fish. But, now we have this coin of Alexander the Great with rams horns. We also know that the Egyptians used to go to a temple celebrating Aries the Ram; it's said that Alexander had these coins stamped to appease the Egyptians. Also, the Jews of this time had a tradition of blowing the rams horn. The mythology is that Moses is the symbolic figure that turns the ages from age of Taurus the Bull to Aries the age of the Ram. And then, Jesus Christ is suppose to do the passover from the age of the Ram to the Age of Pisces, or the fish. This is why Jesus Christ is associated with fish. You can argue Hipparchus all you want, the mythology artwork through the ages fits the patten of the precession of the equinoxes. You would think that everyone around the Mediterraenean would be waiting for the end of the age of Aries and the new beginning. In fact, we can find some.

Coin of Alexander the Great with Rams horns
One is a passage from a Julian calendar dated 9 B.C. . .

"The Providence which rules over all has filled this man with such gifts for the salvation of the world as designated him as savior for us and for the coming generations; of wars he will make an end, and establish all things worthily. By his appearing are the hopes of our forefathers fulfilled; not only has he surpassed the good deeds of earlier times, but it is impossible that one greater than he can ever appear. The birthday of God has brought to the world glad tidings that are bound up in him. From his birthday a new era begins."

Now for the Virgil passage from his "Eclogue 4",

"Come are those last days that the Sybil sang: The ages' might march begins anew. Now comes the virgin, Saturn reigns again: now from high heaven descends a wondrous race. Thou on the newborn babe-who first shall end . . . That age of iron, bid a golden dawn . . . Upon the broud world-chaste Lucina, smile: Now thy Apollo reigns."

This passage would be dated around 37 B.C. I've gotten some feedback that this might be an interpolation from Emperor Constantine. See Pagans and Christians by Robin Fox Lane. I havn't confirmed it. It just seems odd that Emperor Constantine would interpolate the works of Virgil to disprove his christian religion. I may also be tired of reading and investigating all this stuff!
Even the Jews apparently were on some Messianic end of the world hopes and dreams. There's been discovered a "Revelation of Gabriel" tablet that speaks of a Simon who was resurrected after three days. The truth is there were many people around the first century B.C. waiting for the end of the world.
A main guy, perhaps the main guy, to start midrashing the old testament and combine with Greek philosophy is Philo, who lived before, during and after the supposed life of Jesus Christ; but, he never mentions a Jesus Christ in his works! Philo is very into Plato's 'logos'. He has even more interesting history that perhaps evolves into more significance for the beginnings of Christianity. Philo was rediculously rich. He controlled the trade from Mesopotamia and hence from India and China into the city of Alexandria. That should give you some idea of how rich this guy was. The guy could practically pay people to believe in whatever he wanted the ignorant masses to believe. I don't know if he used his money quite like that; but, Philo happened to have a Nephew - a Tiberius Alexander.
Tiberius Alexander was second in command with Titus who was second in command to his Roman Emperor father Vespasian. Tiberius Alexander hated a James the Just. He was said to have gone from pure Judaism to some radical religion. Tiberius Alexander along with Titus destroyed Jerusalem around 66 A.D. Also, Tiberius Alexander used his uncles money to pay Vespasians way into the Emperor seat of the Roman empire. All else is certainly hard to confirm. Some suspect that Tiberius may have written proto-gospel of Mark.
Another nephew of Philo was a Marcus Alexander became husband to a Berenice, a Herodian(half Jewish princess). Berenice makes some appearences in the New Testament(Acts 25:23). Just one of the curious appearances of Herodians in the New Testament. There's another curious character in the destruction of Jerusalem around 66 A.D. - Flavius Jospehus.
 
Between the sungod mythology and the end of the wold suggestions due to the precession of the equinoxes suggested the end of the world is coming; and, the "Revelation of Gabriel" tablet also proves that the Jews took to messianisms back then. However the history of Philo's influence on gospel making and the paying Vespasians way to be the Roman emperor, another character takes center stage after Philo - Josephus, specifically, Flavius Josephus. Josephus was a Jew. Flavius is an official imperial roman name. How does a jew get an offiicial imperial name? Josephus was a Jewish general fighting the romans. According to his testamony, he decided to turn roman. One day, the Roman legions were coming, him and some of his fellow officers remaining hid in a cave. They drew straws to see who was going to cut the others throats. Fortunatelly for Josephus anyways, he got the right straw. He slit their throats and surrendered to the Roman emperor Titus. Titus was Roman emperor Vespasian's son and second in command at the time. Josephus apparently told Titus and Vespasian about the Jewish prophesy in Numbers 24 that a messiah will save them and destroy their enemies. Josephus became the Roman's spokesperson to try to get the messianic Jews to not be messianic and pay their taxes like every other culture the Romans had conquered and absorbed. Josephus also told them everything about the Jews. Why did he do this?
Apparently, Flavius Josephus felt that the messianic strain of Jews brought the Roman legions down on the Jews; so, the messianic strain had to be taken out. But, could Josephus have been more than even that? Could he have acted as a spy? Getting a little ahead of the story, Robert Eisenman in his "James Brother of Jesus" shows analogies between the works of Josephus and the Pauline epistles and much other literature, some clementine recognitions and much else besides. What he decodes out it all is that whether there was a Jesus Christ or not, the Jesus Christ of the Gospels is just a hellenistic sungod overwright for a "James the Just." In the Gospel of Mark, James is the less in chapter 15. I'm not going to get into the thousand pages of Mr Eisenman's work - just give a few things here and there. I for one find it weird that Josephus knows so much of the happenings between Paul and James the Just. One of the things Eisenman decodes is that Paul killed James the Just. This is just me; but, with Jospehus's photographic memory(as described by Mr Eisenman), of the events, I've often suspected that Josephus is Paul! I've found one almost undeniable correspondence between the life story of Josephus and Paul,
"Josephus: Shipwrecked on voyage to Rome

"But when I was in the twenty-sixth year of my age, it happened that I took a voyage to Rome ... At the time when Felix was procurator of Judea there were certain priests of my acquaintance ... whom on a small and trifling occasion he had put into bonds, and sent to Rome to plead their cause before Caesar ...

Accordingly I came to Rome, though it were through a great number of hazards by sea; for as ourship was drowned in the Adriatic Sea, we that were in it, being about six hundred in number, swam for our lives all the night; when, upon the first appearance of the day, and upon our sight of a ship of Cyrene, I and some others, eighty in all, by God's providence, prevented the rest, and were taken up into the other ship.

And when I had thus escaped, and was come to Dieearchia, which the Italians call Puteoli."

- Josephus, Life,3

St Paul: "Shipwrecked on voyage to Rome"

"Felix, willing to show the Jews a pleasure, left Paul bound." - Acts 24.27.
"They talked between themselves, saying, This man doeth nothing worthy of death or of bonds. - Acts 26.31.

"It was determined that we should sail into Italy ... And entering into a ship of Adramyttium ... we came to Myra ... And there the centurion found a ship of Alexandria sailing into Italy ... they sailed close by Crete. But not long after there arose against it a tempestuous wind ... no small tempest lay on us ... But when the fourteenth night was come, as we were driven up and down in Adria ... And falling into a place where two seas met, they ran the ship aground; and the forepart stuck fast, and remained unmovable, but the hinder part was broken with the violence of the waves.

The centurion ... commanded that they which could swim should cast themselves first into the sea, and get to land. And the rest, some on boards, and some on broken pieces of the ship. And so it came to pass, that they escaped all safe to land. And after three months we departed in a ship of Alexandria ...

And landing at Syracuse ... and came to Rhegium: and after one day the south wind blew, and we came the next day to Puteoli."

Now remember Josephus doesn't like the messianic strain of Jews. James the Just was one of the last leaders of this messianic movement. More curiuos things between Josephus and the New Testament Pauline epistles is a Epiphroditus, a roman emperor secretary. This roman secretary makes an appearence in the New Testament, Philippians 2:25 where Paul says Epiphroditus is an apostle for christianity. Epiphroditus funded the works of Josephus. There's more curious things about this friend of Josephus. Mr Eisenman's "The New Testament Code", shows some remarkable linguistic shorthands for various people in the Josephus circle; that of Timothy for Titus, a Silas as equivalent linguistic form shorthand for a Silvanus(yes, the silas of the Da Vinci Code), a Erastus could correspond to Epaphroditus. References would be acts 19:22, 2Timothy4:20, Romans 16:23. So, all these friends of Josephus appear in this linguistic shorthand except! Josephus! Where does Josephus go in the New Testament? I'd say Paul. Josephus is overwritten as Paul just like James the Just is by Jesus Christ.
 
I find all the above compelling that Josephus acted as a spy for the Roman empire and killed James the Just. Some try to argue that Josephus wrote the Gospel of Mark. I've never and always knew that the writing styles between Josephus and any of the Gospels(and even the Pauline epistles; Josephus doesn't have to write them; he's being overwritten, coded up, hidden as paul) are totally different. Josephus is a very modern scientific style writer. But, Josephus and his circle were clearly trying to pull something as Josephus has it written in his "War against the Jews", 6.5.4. that Roman emperor Vespasian is the coming messiah! But, the Flavians, Vespasian and Titus, didn't last. They died by natural causes by all accounts. We don't know what happened to Josephus; but, Epiphroditus was apparently killed by the next Roman emperor, Domitian, because he was disappearing and running all over the empire for some strange reason(could Epiphroditus be Paul?). Domitian was shortly assasinated by christians and court officials. Clearly somebody was rich and powerfull enough to enact revenge!  As Robert Eisenman stresses, there were no scientific reporting like we had with Josephus since Josephus's time. It's really hard to trace who wrote or did what after this period. But, there's all kinds of I would say smoking guns no matter how you turn them.
 
The mystery of Paul deepens.  Romans 16:11 has it that Paul is a Herodian. Also, biblical scholars can't help noticing that Paul's travels and an Appollonius of Tyana are the same. Seems that Paul is a combining of many different people.  Scholars note that the Paul of Acts is different from the Paul of Romans/Corinthians.  And then, the later Pauline epistles seems to be a different character as well - the Epistles of Titus.  One thing is for sure, the New Testament appears to be pro-Romans/Herodian.
 
The Gospel of Mark 12:17 says "Give back to Caesar what is Caesar's". Paul in Roman's 13 says to conform to what the government says and pay your taxes, "Let everyone be subject to the governing authorities, for there is no authority except that which God has established. The authorities that exist have been established by God. 2 Consequently, whoever rebels against the authority is rebelling against what God has instituted, and those who do so will bring judgment on themselves. 3 For rulers hold no terror for those who do right, but for those who do wrong. Do you want to be free from fear of the one in authority? Then do what is right and you will be commended. 4 For the one in authority is God’s servant for your good. But if you do wrong, be afraid, for rulers do not bear the sword for no reason. They are God’s servants, agents of wrath to bring punishment on the wrongdoer. 5 Therefore, it is necessary to submit to the authorities, not only because of possible punishment but also as a matter of conscience.

6 This is also why you pay taxes, for the authorities are God’s servants, who give their full time to governing. 7 Give to everyone what you owe them: If you owe taxes, pay taxes; if revenue, then revenue; if respect, then respect; if honor, then honor."

Western culture people for certain and maybe in the twentieth century on people who might read this are probably wondering "what about Jesus Christ?" We've gone before, during, and after the supposed life of Jesus Christ, and we said nothing about him! That's right! There's nothing to say! There is no archaeology of Jesus Christ around this time! There's even a big archaeological debate on the existence of the city of Nazareth around this time! You would think that if there was a son of god, who walked on water, caused a big ruckus by turning over tables and promised salvation for all would be plastered all over the mediterraenean at this time! Instead, you find Philo and Josephus who are silent about a Jesus Christ. We've already covered those two characters, and for some readers who might wonder about Josephus; it's well known that the one passage in Josephus . . . one little passage; you would think he'd wright chapters and books on Jesus Christ; but, no we find one little vague couple of sentences . . . is a Eusebius forgery; it't been proven forgery in so many ways for so long; i'm not going to lenghthen this by going into that Eusebius forgery in depth. I would like to mention one really remarkable archaeological record that is also absent of any mention of Jesus Christ - coins.
 
Yes, coins from Minoa crete over 1000B.C. have been found with mazes on them, of course, there's the Alexander the Great coin with the rams horns. I've seen Greek coins around 300 B.C. with geometric algebra on them. For a thousand years before the supposed life of Jesus Christ, people coined every major historical event, concern, and major figures, kings and philosophers. There are no Jesus Christ coins. There's people who have mentioned passages that the Jews don't make idols; but, they don't do so so their mythology can't be disproved. It's the same reason the gods were moved first to the heavens, then to extra dimensions, anywhere that can't be seen. Besides, when one comes to understand that the Gospels and Pauline epistles are Herodian/Pro-Roman(give to caesar what is his; in other words pay your taxes, Matt 22:15, Mark 12:17 and even in the Pauline epistles), then you would figure that someone, somewhere would make Jesus Christ coins. It wouldn't have been up to the Jews to do so. Oh yes, they had coins too! So where does this Jesus Christ come from?
 
He comes from Midrashing. Almost everypage of every gospel and Pauline epistle and even Revelations has it stated where they get their info about Jesus Christ - from scripture. Yes, that's right, Jesus Christ is scripturally derived. That's what Philo started as you might recall. The scholarship showing the midrashing is again volumous. I'll just give a few highlights.
 
- Romans “16:25 Now to him that is of power to stablish you according to my gospel, and the preaching of Jesus Christ, according to the revelation of the mystery, which was kept secret since the world began,” See, Paul is willing to tell you anything to convert you: - 1Corinthians "9:22 To the weak became I as weak, that I might gain the weak: I am made all things to all men, that I might by all means save some."
 
- and for my favorite midrashes, Zechariah 9:9 seems to be the midrash for Jesus coming into Jerusalem on an ass . . . or a colt . . . or both depending on which gospel you read!
 
- here's a pretty good one, - Isaiah 7:14 says a lord shall be born of a virgin and called Immanual. The Gospel of Matthewe quotes this even calling Jesus Christ Emannuel. The Isaiah 7:14 passage is a confirmation that Jesus Christ is made up because, whoever did this midrashing, midrashed the Septuagint, a Greek translation hundreds of years before the supposed life of Jesus Christ. Even if the Isaiah passage said virgin, instead of 'young woman', it's still midrash.  But, The Greek translators of the city of Alexandria, around 300 B.C. mistranslated it.  The maker of Matthew took this mistranslation at face value, and this reveals the truth that Jesus Christ is a just a midrashing, a scriptural derivation of the Old testament.
 
Once again, throughout the New Testament, they tell you, we made it up; Jesus Christ is derived from scripture. They say repeatedly, 'according to scripture.' I'd like to think this is pretty clear. True christians will just say, "that's prophecy", but, as we've seen, Philo was 'midrashing', and the Isaiah 7:14 passage proves that this is just midrashing and not prophecy.  Prophecy is just a spin-doctoring by those who want to believe.
 
Getting back to the Romans 16:25 passage . . . it mentions something about mysteries. All the sungod priests since at least Greek times kept the mythology as 'mysteries.' Well, according to this Herodotus passage(book 2, chapter 61 of the "Histories"(de silencourt translation)}, the Egyptians also practiced keeping the mythology a mystery. Back then, there were tests to see if your mythology was worth listening to: in Dideche Chapter 11. An example in the New testament is 1John4:1.
 
More conclusive proof that the Gospels come after the Pauline epistles is the absence of any mention of Mary of Magdalene in the Pauline epistles. 
 
So Paul and the Gospels are pro-Roman.  Let me give more proof that the New Testament is pro-Roman. Gospel of Mark, chapter 15 . . .
 
 
"Now at that feast he released unto them one prisoner, whomsoever they desired.
15:7 And there was one named Barabbas, which lay bound with them that had made insurrection with him, who had committed murder in the insurrection.

15:8 And the multitude crying aloud began to desire him to do as he had ever done unto them.

15:9 But Pilate answered them, saying, Will ye that I release unto you the King of the Jews?

15:10 For he knew that the chief priests had delivered him for envy.

15:11 But the chief priests moved the people, that he should rather release Barabbas unto them.

15:12 And Pilate answered and said again unto them, What will ye then that I shall do unto him whom ye call the King of the Jews?

15:13 And they cried out again, Crucify him."
Here we have the Gospel of Mark making the Jews say they're rather have a convicted murderor than Jesus Christ, and that Pontus Pilate should crucify Jesus Christ. What this proves is the Romans cleansing their hands of the responsibility of crucifying Jesus Christ, and making the Jews responsible for the killing of Jesus Christ. Ever since then, the Jews, all the way through the dark ages up to Christian Nazi times, the Jews were known as "Christ Killers."  Paul even calls the jews "Christ Killers" in his epistles . . .



. . . "1 Thessalonians 2

the Jews:
2:15 Who both killed the Lord Jesus, and their own prophets, and have persecuted us; and they please not God, and are contrary to all men:
2:16 Forbidding us to speak to the Gentiles that they might be saved, to fill up their sins alway: for the wrath is come upon them to the uttermost. "



For more proof of the Herodian/Roman conspiracy to pascify the messianic Jews, we have city of Alexandria Christian Apologist of 185 A.D./253 A.D. state that James isn't a blood brother of Jesus Christ, but he's 'one of the guys'.  He's part of the club brother. 

- Origin “Against Celsus”-1-47 says that “For in the 18th book of his Antiquities31463146 [ἀρχαιολογίας. S.] Cf. Joseph., Antiq., book xviii. c. v. sec.2. of the Jews, Josephus bears witnessto John as having been a Baptist, and as promising purification tothose who underwent the rite. Now this writer, although notbelieving in Jesus as the Christ”

Further along, not much more than a sentence or two!

“Paul, a genuine disciple of Jesus,says that he regarded this James as a brother of the Lord, not so muchon account of their relationship by blood, or of their being brought uptogether, as because of his virtue and doctrine.” This passage really says it all; that James brother of Jesus is not like a brother brother, but brother to a club, that of the Jesus christ club; and it also is proof that James the Just has been overwritten by Jesus Christ(as explained in Robert Eisenman's "James brother of Jesus Christ" - a 1000 page tomb, and more or less explained above).

Robert Eisenman further explains that James the Just and Paul are in competition with one another. One, James the Just sides with a Queen of Edessa, Helen of Adiabene.  While Paul went to the Romans for help. There's a temple dedicated to Helen of Adiabene right outside of the Jerusalem temple today!


 
 
 But as Justin Martyr says, Jesus Christ is just a sungod.

- Justin Martyr ‘defended himself from Pagans(Christians word for those who are not christian), by saying “CHAPTER XXI — ANALOGIES TO THE HISTORY OF CHRIST.

And when we say also that the Word, who is the first-birth of God, was produced without sexual union, and that He, Jesus Christ, our Teacher, was crucified and died, and rose again, and ascended into heaven, we propound NOTHING DIFFERENT from WHAT YOU BELIEVE regarding those whom you esteem sons of Jupiter. For you know how many sons your esteemed writers ascribed to Jupiter: Mercury, the interpreting word and teacher of all;AEsculapius, who, though he was a great physician, was struck by a thunderbolt, and so ascended to heaven; and Bacchus too, after he had been torn limb from limb; and Hercules, when he had committed himself to the flames to escape his toils; and the sons of Leda, and Dioscuri; andPerseus, son of Danae; and Bellerophon, who, though sprung from mortals, rose to heaven on the horse Pegasus. For what shall I say of Ariadne, and those who, like her, have been declared to be set among the stars?

- And for my favorite smoking gun, -"then he clearly manifested himself to be the son of god. For had he not come in the flesh, how should men have been able looked upon him, that they might be saved?"

This is in the Epistle of Barnabas chapter 4:13-14. Jesus Christ is different from all sungods before him; he's suppose to be historical. Here, we see a logical reasoning for why somebody felt they needed to historicise the sungods. Perhaps Barnabas wrote or started the Gospel of Mark; we probably will never know.  One thing for sure, is that Jesus Christ is an effort to over-write James the Just out of Existence, and put in a pro-Roman/Jewish pascifying sungod in his place.  James the Just?  As the Gabriel Tablet mentioned above proves, James the Just was just the last of many messianic Jews that came before him, to try to be some messianic savior for the Jews against everyone who wasn't a Jew.

- Even more smoking guns proof that Jesus Christ never existed is Paul and James the Just both trying to tell the people that they promised Jesus Christ would come . . . will come.  Both of these characters(Paul and James the Just )lived after the supposed life of Jesus Christ.  If Jesus Christ had already come, then why are they trying to calm these people down and say that, he will come as our midrashing said so?  Because midrashing is just pseudo-science prophesizing. . . .

. . . Here Paul, 1 Thessalonians 2

"Are not even ye in the presence of our Lord Jesus Christ at his coming? " and 2 Thessalonians 2

"2:2 That ye be not soon shaken in mind, or be troubled, neither by spirit, nor by word, nor by letter as from us, as that the day of Christ is at hand. 
 

. . . and here James the Just, Epistle of James(James the Just?), says 5:7 Be patient therefore, brethren, unto the coming of the Lord." and " 5:8 Be ye also patient; stablish your hearts: for the coming of the Lord draweth nigh. "
 
- Iraeneus "Against Heresies", book 3, chapter 11, section 7. Here, it is revealed that Mathew comes from the Ebonites, Luke comes from Marcion(who put together the gospels and Pauline epistles for the first time), and John comes from a Valentinus, and mark comes from some 'separatists.' This Iraeneus passage is so frustrating! He knocks out three of the four gospels in terms of authorship; but, leaves the Gospel of Mark a mystery. He does indicate that the Gospel of Mark was not written by an individual, but a community or at least more than one person.
 
As I've indicated, mythological religion is the algebraic X standing for I don't know. Whenever someone does something great, someone else decides to go another direction to get the money and power they covet. Before Christianity, there was a semi-rational philosophies of Platonism. If you read about Clement and Origen and Tertullian, you'll see they were trying to create an easier philosophy than the semi-mathematical Platonisms.
 
- Tertulian who said, "I believe because it is absurd." Further "The Son of God was born: there is no shame, because it is shameful.

And the Son of God died: it is wholly credible, because it is unsound.

And, buried, He rose again: it is certain, because impossible."

Where people want to be fooled, there's always somebody willing to oblige them,
 
 
- "XXXI. That it will be necessary sometimes to use falsehood as a remedy for the benefit of those who require such a mode of treatment(that is Eusebius Preparatio Evangelica, book 12, chapter 31." This is the chapter heading(the style of the age); if you go to this book and the chapter, you'll see that Eusebius quotes Plato's Laws.

 
Eusebius was Emperor Constantine's right hand man. They organised the Nicene conferences to decide who of the different christianities was to make the official Catholic Christianity. After the Nicene conference, Hypatia, a mathematician of Alexandria was skinned alive, the library of Alexandria was burned down.  Why?  One reason is all the pagan science/mathematics learning, yes; but, another was to hide the evidences, all the mythology books that would argue against Christianity(there was some), and that there was any other mythology pre-Jesus Christ times. Even other Christian sects were hunted down.  One Gnostic Christian in Egypt stuck all his Gnostic gospels in a jar, and buried it in the sand; only for archaeologists of the 1900s to dig it up; these are the Nag Hammadi library.
 
As Paul says in Colossians 2:8 "Beware lest any man spoil you through philosophy and vain deceit, after the tradition of men, after the rudiments of the world, and not after Christ."  And, "Every trace of the old philosophy and literature of the ancient world has vanished from the face of the earth." - this is John Chrysostom of the Byzantine empire.

astro picture for the day/ Mary Magdelene extra


Image credit: NASA & ESA, Jesús Maíz Apellániz (Instituto de Astrofisica de Andalucia)


The absence of any mention of Mary Mandelene by Paul in his epistles is more conclusive proof that the Gospels were written after the Pauline epistles.

astro video for the day/ Paleontological and Anthropological mysteries extras


- Paleontological and Anthropological mysteries,

link -->New World monkey The mystery here is how did monkeys get from the old world(Africa/EurAsia) to the New World Americas? The link indicated points out the wildest idea, that monkey's actually rafted their way across the, then, smaller distance between Africa and South America. The other alternative is that there must have been a land bridge due to lower sea levels. In the end, they say the Monkey's rafted from one island to another! The question becomes, why don't they raft around anymore?

I recently saw a tweet of a Gorilla sized Lemur. Below are pictures of today's Lemurs.


These were along the line to primates millions before the first bipedal Australopithacines. A fossil a Archaeoindris, 


The gorilla sized Lemur, or Archaoindrus appear to be related to the also now extinct Sloths.

When I heard of this, I wanted to get back to the Balboa park 'Museum of Man' museum in San Diego, where I remember seeing this giant something.  I finally did so a couple of days ago. What I found was a Gigantopithacine.

Gigantopithacus,


In fact, this is a picture of the Museum stuffed thing(I'm forgetting what they call stuffed animals) in the San Diego museum of man. What the info they give on it says is that it went extinct 400,000 years ago . . . contemporaneous with Homo Erectus!

The Wiki points out something even larger - Gigantopithacus Blacki.  Once again, a picture from the wiki of Gigantopithacus,


The wiki says that G. Blacki went extinct in Asia 100,000 years ago - contemporaneous with Homo Sapiens!


Monday, January 11, 2016

astro picture for the day/ Steven Weinberg quote


Image Credit: Cassini Imaging Team, SSI, JPL, ESA, NASA

This is a picture of a Saturn asteroid/moon.  It's actually considered a sheppard moon; it makes for one of the major rings of Saturn.  Scientists theorize that the structure of the Saturnian rings is much the same, only smaller moons shepparding thinner rings . . . all the way down to the smallest particles of the rings!

"in a way, it's more freer . . . in a way, it's more noble, and more admirable to give point to our lives ourselves rather than to accept it from some external  source." - Steven Weinberg

- found some interesting lost technology history - the Photophone


Here's a picture of a Photophone. It was invented by Alexander Graham Bell around 1880.  It used modulated light to transmit sound.  It was the first wireless communication - back in 1880! There was a mirror that flexed based on sound applied to it.  This created modulated light sent to another photophone. So the transmitter was non-electrical; but, the receiver was electrical.  The receiver would take in the modulated light and create a modulated electrical signal, which then gets turned into sound.

The Marconi radio started to surpass the Photophone around 1897.  The Photophone was still in military service during the 1950s.

For more on the Photophone --> Photophone Wiki , there's also a link of the connections between the photophone and sound recording.  Remember the silent films?

- and there's new more or less advanced technology/science to report.  By now, maybe you've heard that scientists are excited about the possibility of detecting gravity waves. 

Gravity waves have been known to exist since around 1989, when astronomers found that gravitational energy was being sapped by light energy released by two pulsars orbiting one another . . . well, looking up this wiki, Gravitational-wave astronomy , I found that astronomers detected the effects of gravitational waves in 1974, by a Richard Hulse and Joseph Taylor; they were awarded the Nobel prize in 1993! Since then, astronomers/engineers have been building new laser gravity meters . . .

They tried building hugh metal cylinders first;


Joseph Weber and his gravity meter. The wiki on Joseph shows that he managed to get NASA to put a gravity meter on the moon, on the Apollo 17 mission! When you look at this gravity meter, and learn about today's efforts, you just know that he wasn't successful.

- this seems to be a famous picture of one of LIGO's mirrors . . .


I've heard these mirrors bury any astronomical telescope mirror ever constructed in reflectivity. Wish I could find that article again. Physicists also made a major technological breakthrough to make "Advanced LIGO." I've found that the optics have a roughness of .16 nanometers(that's less than the width of an atom).  But the squeezed light is really exotic physics/technology

LIGO, and any interferometer gravity meter(this is what's different between Joseph's gravity meter and gravity meters like LIGO) must isolate as much environmental noise as possible - thermal and . . . quantum noise. Quantum physicists found a squeezed light that allows them to reduce quantum noise. The squeezed light comes from making a squeezed vacuum state from which the light comes. LIGO then injects these squeezed light/lasers into the vaccum tubes where they bounce off those super fine mirrors.

Advanced LIGO, as they call it, can detect pulsars and other gravity wave phenomenon out to the distance of the Virgo galaxy cluster. The 21st century should have much the same excitement of 'the newest, most grandest gravity-meter than burries the earlier gravity meters in how far it can see dectect gravity waves' in much the same way we saw telescopes of the 20th century!

Gravity-meters can test inflationary Big Bang cosmology, string theory  and look at the physics of black holes, pulsars, supernova like never before!

- right on the heels of Advanced LIGO, is LISA, a space orbiting gravity-meter interferometer that is scheduled to go in orbit in 2017!  If we're getting gravity waves detection now, 2017 will be really exciting!  Then there's the James Webb space telescope to be placed at one of the lagrangian points.


- here's a pretty good article on the quantum physics and inflationary big bang cosmology science that gravity-meter interferometers will allow us to explore! --> Sounding out the Big Bang